Researchers Rank America’s Hardest-Working Cities

Some cities throughout the U.S. work a lot more durable than others, analysis has discovered.

Researchers at WalletHub, a private finance firm, have ranked U.S. cities primarily based on how laborious they work, in line with a number of necessary metrics together with the typical hours labored per week, and the proportion of individuals working a number of jobs.

Throughout the U.S., the typical worker works for 1,811 hours yearly, a whole lot greater than many international locations together with Japan, Germany and the U.Okay.

Inventory picture of a pressured man at work. Washington D.C. is the highest hardest-working metropolis within the U.S., in line with new rankings.


The researchers ranked cities primarily based on “Direct Work Components” and “Oblique Work Components.” Direct work elements included common workweek hours, employment charge, the share of households the place no adults work, the share of employees leaving trip time unused, and charge of residents ages 16-24 who’re neither in class nor working. These elements have been then scored out of 100 for 116 cities.

Oblique work elements have been additionally scored and included common commute time, share of employees with a number of jobs, common leisure time spent per day, and annual volunteer hours per resident.

The analysis discovered that the highest 10 hardest-working cities primarily based on a mix of each direct and oblique elements have been, from 1st to tenth: Washington, D.C.; Irving, Texas; Cheyenne, Wyoming; Virginia Seaside, Virginia; Anchorage, Alaska; Norfolk, Virginia; Dallas, Texas; San Francisco, California; Denver, Colorado; and Austin, Texas.

Ranked solely on direct work elements, the highest 10 was very comparable, simply in a barely totally different order: Irving, Texas; Austin, Texas; Anchorage, Alaska; Washington, D.C.; Dallas, Texas; San Francisco, California; Cheyenne, Wyoming; Virginia Seaside, Virginia; Norfolk, Virginia; and Corpus Christi, Texas.

Nonetheless, ranked solely on oblique work elements, the highest 10 was remarkably totally different. The toughest working metropolis by this rating was Portland, Oregon, which was 54th on the mixed rating, adopted by Baltimore, Maryland (forty second total), Boston, Massachusetts (thirtieth total), Bridgeport, Connecticut (111th total), Salt Lake Metropolis, Utah (forty fourth total), Seattle, Washington (thirty second total), Chesapeake, Virginia (sixteenth total), Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (84th total), Washington, D.C. (1st total), and Milwaukee, Wisconsin (102nd total).

Individuals on common work about 25 p.c extra hours than European employees do, largely as a consequence of legal guidelines surrounding employment in Europe.

“We work greater than Europeans for a mixture of authorized and cultural causes—for instance, EU international locations require employers to offer paid time without work for holidays, parental go away, and sick go away. There are not any corresponding federal legal guidelines in the US. Most American employees haven’t any safety from arbitrary discharge from employment due to the at-will rule, which creates concern in some workforces in regards to the dangers of being seen as a ‘slacker.’ Some have referred to this as America’s tradition of presenteeism,” Michael J. Yelnosky a professor on the Roger Williams College College of Legislation, stated in an announcement for WalletHub.

“A smaller share of American employees than these in Europe have union illustration and union employees usually tend to have higher pay and advantages than their non-union counterparts. We’re additionally a rustic that celebrates consumerism and the acquisition of wealth. Our model of capitalism is rather more individualistic and laissez-faire than European variations,” he stated. “Many American employees don’t assume the lengthy hours are price it. In response to surveys, many would like to work much less even when it meant they earned much less. There are severe well being dangers related to working lengthy hours.”

Analysis has discovered that working longer hours would not even essentially result in elevated productiveness, and will put employees liable to burnout.

“Overworked Individuals should not essentially extra productive. The cumulative results of stress misplaced sleep, and time away from household and pals are inclined to mount because the workweek grinds on. The overworked worker can also be an worker who’s extra more likely to burn out, endure in poor health well being results, and go away the job. The classes of jobs that demand “excessive hours” have modified over time,” Keith Cunningham-Parmeter, a professor of legislation on the Lewis & Clark Legislation College, stated within the assertion.

“Whereas blue-collar employees within the mid-twentieth century logged in additional time on the manufacturing unit, right this moment’s white-collar jobs at the moment are extra more likely to demand round the clock hustle. The identical dynamic could be discovered within the retail and repair sectors. In distinction to earlier generations, low-wage American employees right this moment often should string collectively a number of jobs simply to make ends meet,” he stated.

This burn-out of overworked workers could be prevented by governments and companies by paying them extra and dealing them much less laborious, Yelnosky stated.

Outdoors of that, it might assist in the event that they make the working setting extra bearable for his or her employees, by offering them with advantages and giving them room to develop.

“All employers can present clear expectations to workers together with immediate and constructive suggestions. Equally, all employers can acknowledge worker accomplishments, search worker enter, respect all workers, and supply studying alternatives for workers,” Ann C. Hodges, a professor of legislation emerita and program chair of paralegal research on the College of Richmond, stated within the assertion. “All employers may present some alternative to interact in volunteer actions that profit the group. Lastly, fairness and respect for all employees are important in each office. Whatever the job, each employee contributes to the mission and may really feel valued for that contribution.”

“As well as, paid go away for sickness, childcare, and different caregiving obligations, whether or not by authorities mandate or voluntarily by employers, would considerably enhance high quality of life and supply better work-life steadiness for workers,” she stated.

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