How Do German Leopard and Cheetah Tanks Evaluate?

Germany has added plenty of Gepard, in any other case generally known as “Cheetah,” anti-aircraft tanks to the army assist destined for Kyiv, after sanctioning the supply of each Leopard 1 and Leopard 2 tanks to Ukraine.

In late January, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz mentioned he was “appearing in shut worldwide coordination” to ship Kyiv an organization of Leopard 2A6 tanks. The choice to ship 14 Leopard 2 tanks got here after weeks of strain on Berlin to permit third occasion international locations to commit their very own Leopard 2 tanks.

On February 7, the protection ministers of Germany, the Netherlands and Denmark introduced they’d ship a minimum of 100 Leopard 1A5 foremost battle tanks to Ukraine in “the approaching months.”

The refurbished Leopard 1A5s would come from “industrial shares,” they confirmed in a joint assertion, and would “complement the efforts already underway to assist Ukraine with Leopard 2 foremost battle tanks.”

Between 20 and 25 Leopard 1 tanks would arrive in Ukraine by the summer time months, with 80 deliberate for supply earlier than the top of the yr, Ukraine’s protection minister Oleksy Reznikov mentioned on February 7.

A “minimal of three battalions” might be outfitted by the initiative, Reznikov added in a press release posted to Fb. Germany had beforehand given the go-ahead for personal armsmaker, Rheinmetall, to promote its outdated Leopard 1s to Ukraine after refurbishment.

On February 8, the top of Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky’s workplace, Andriy Yermak, mentioned Germany had agreed to ship a further two Gepard anti-aircraft tanks to Ukraine.

As of Sunday, the German authorities’s web site lists 32 Gepards as delivered to Ukraine, with a further 5 in a “planning” stage.

The Leopard 2A6 tank (middle) in the course of the “Land Operations” army workout routines throughout a media day on the Bundeswehr coaching grounds on October 14, 2016 close to Bergen, Germany. Within the inset picture, an anti-aircraft gun tank Gepard throughout Chancellor Scholz’s go to to a coaching facility of the arms-maker Krauss-Maffei Wegmann on the Putlos army coaching space on August 25, 2022 in Oldenburg in Holstein, Germany. Germany has dedicated to sending Gepard tanks, Leopard 1A5 and Leopard 2A6 foremost battle tanks to Ukraine.
Alexander Koerner/Morris MacMatzen/Getty Pictures

The Gepard is an “armored, all-weather anti-aircraft gun tank,” described by producers Krauss-Maffei Wegmann as being “constantly modernized” since its introduction within the Nineteen Sixties.

The tracked automobile is able to carrying three crew members, with a most pace of 40 miles per hour. In a position to cowl a spread of 340 miles, it’s fitted with two 35mm autocannons.

Its “excessive off-road mobility and fast swivelling of the turret allow the extraordinarily quick response instances wanted to interact aerial threats,” in response to KMW. It’s primarily designed for air protection, resembling towards Iranian-made drones operated by Russia in Ukraine, however can be utilized towards floor targets.

The Gepard, though not a foremost battle tank, shares a chassis design with the Leopard 1. Additionally made by KMW, the Leopard 1 is praised by its producers as an “unparalleled success story.”

Regardless of an identical prime pace and vary to the Gepard, the Leopard 1A5 is a foremost battle tank reasonably than an anti-aircraft tank. The Leopard 1 remains to be in use throughout 5 continents, in response to KMW, and “resulting from steady will increase in fight worth, the system remains to be state-of-the-art.”

However the Leopard 2 variants, launched in 1979, are the Leopard 1’s successors. Utilized by the militaries of 18 international locations, in response to its producer, the Leopard 2 variants have develop into a typical sight in lots of European armies.

With a most vary of 280 miles and a prime pace of slightly below 45mph, the Leopard 2 might be kitted out with a 120mm smoothbore gun or a 7.62mm machine gun. Utilizing the “most refined expertise,” the Leopard 2A6 “protects the crew and gear from even essentially the most fashionable sorts of ammunition and threats,” in response to KMW.

Previous to Berlin’s pledge of Leopard 2A6 tanks, Western consultants extensively agreed that the German-made foremost battle tanks had been the only option for Ukraine’s armed forces.

The U.Ok. has additionally provided 14 of its Challenger 2 foremost battle tanks, and the U.S. has promised 31 M1 Abrams tanks.