‘Distinctive’ Viking Age Market Uncovered on Farm, Archaeologists Suspect

Archaeologists have recognized the potential stays of a market from the Viking Age on a Norwegian farm.

The farm is positioned at Utstein on the island of Klosterøy, which lies off the southwestern coast of the Scandinavian nation.

The island is understood for its wealthy cultural heritage and is residence to Norway’s best-preserved medieval monastery, amongst different points of interest.

In September, 2023, a workforce of archaeologists employed ground-penetrating radar know-how on an space of farmland, revealing the presence of a number of clearly man-made buildings under the floor.

Inventory picture exhibiting a carved wood dragon on the bow of a Viking ship. Archaeologists have recognized the potential stays of a market from the Viking Age on a Norwegian island.


Amongst these buildings, the researchers recognized pit homes, in addition to the foundations of three piers or boathouses. Pit homes are a sort of dwelling by which the ground is dug up under floor stage. These shelters have been frequent in medieval Scandinavia through the Viking Age.

“Within the pits, you’ll be able to typically discover stays of a flooring floor. There may be postholes from the supporting construction, in addition to a fire. The development makes them cool in the summertime and heat throughout winter. A typical interpretation of pit homes is that they served as workshops related to craftsmanship,” Kristoffer Hillesland, a researcher with the College of Stavanger’s Museum of Archaeology, stated in a press launch printed by ScienceNorway.

Such findings have led the workforce to consider that the positioning was as soon as residence to a market through the Viking Age. If this interpretation seems to be true, the invention can be “distinctive” on this area of Norway, in response to the researchers.

The Viking Age was a interval in medieval historical past when the Vikings—a Scandinavian seafaring individuals—raided, colonized and traded extensively throughout areas of Europe. They even made it additional afield, reaching areas comparable to North Africa, the Center East and North America.

This era is mostly thought-about to have begun within the late eighth century and ended within the eleventh century.

Quite a few artifacts beforehand uncovered by metallic detectors at Utstein, together with cash and weights, lend additional help to the Viking market speculation. It was finds like these that led the researchers to research the realm with the ground-penetrating radar within the first place.

“We have now acquired quite a few metallic detector finds from Utstein lately, together with objects related to commerce comparable to weights and cash,” Håkon Reiersen, an affiliate professor with the museum and one of many leaders of the analysis challenge, stated in a press launch.

“One of many issues we needed to research with the ground-penetrating radar was whether or not there might be further traces of commerce exercise. I’m due to this fact not stunned that the outcomes now point out that Utstein was certainly a market within the Viking Age and early Center Ages.”

Along with the pit homes and boathouse foundations, the archaeologists additionally discovered potential proof of burial mounds, cooking pits and cultivation layers—layers of soil ensuing from agriculture.

Taken collectively, the outcomes counsel the existence of a market that endured for a very long time on the web site, though this speculation can solely be confirmed with additional investigations.

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