Arrowhead Made From Meteorite 3,000 Years In the past Discovered Close to Lake

An arrowhead produced greater than 3,000 years in the past is made from iron that originated from a meteorite, researchers have discovered.

The arrowhead, which has been dated to the late Bronze Age (900-800 B.C.), was initially discovered within the nineteenth century on the Mörigen archaeological web site, situated alongside the shores of Lake of Biel in Switzerland.

However now scientists have found that the traditional artifact is extraterrestrial in origin, in accordance with a examine revealed within the Journal of Archaeological Science.

Earlier than the smelting of iron from oxide ores began, meteorites containing the steel fell to Earth and had been discovered on uncommon events by historical peoples who used them to provide numerous artifacts.

An arrowhead made with iron from a meteorite was discovered close to Lake Biel in Switzerland. The artifact has been dated to the late Bronze Age.
Hofmann et al. / Journal of Archaeological Science CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

Using meteoritic iron to provide such objects in pre–Iron Age instances has been documented in Eurasia and North Africa from a handful of websites in locations like Turkey, Greece, Syria, Iraq, Lebanon, Egypt, Iran, Russia and China.

Meteoritic iron artifact finds from Central and Western Europe are very uncommon and, up to now, have been recognized in solely two circumstances.

Meteorites are “house rocks” that survived their journey by way of the Earth’s environment and hit the bottom. These objects, often known as meteoroids when they’re in house, vary in dimension from mud grains to small asteroids.

Meteoroids originate from different bigger our bodies—primarily asteroids but additionally the moon and different planets like Mars. Meteoroids might be rocky, metallic or a mixture of the 2.

As a part of the most recent examine, researchers investigated archaeological collections in Switzerland in an try to establish potential objects made from meteoritic iron originating from the Twannberg meteorite—the most important ever present in Switzerland.

Mörigen is situated only a few miles southwest of the place the Twannberg meteorite fell to Earth. A number of fragments of the meteorite have been discovered.

Whereas the researchers weren’t in a position to establish an object constituted of the Twannberg meteorite, they did discover an arrowhead produced utilizing iron from a clearly totally different meteorite.

The arrowhead from Mörigen, which was being saved on the Bern Historic Museum in Switzerland, was discovered within the nineteenth century as a part of a collection of arrowheads in any other case made from bronze.

Whereas it had been beforehand famous that this explicit arrowhead was made from iron, no additional investigation had been performed till the most recent examine.

The researchers examined the arrowhead utilizing totally different no-destructive methods, a few of which have by no means been utilized earlier than to archaeological objects of meteoritic origin.

These methods revealed the chemical make-up of the artifact, which was per iron meteorites, though not the one which fell in Twannberg.

Given its chemical composition, the researchers then proposed that the so-called Kaalijarv meteorite was the most probably supply. This house rock fell in Estonia—a nation within the Baltic Sea area—through the Bronze Age round 1500 B.C. and produced many small fragments.

The researchers imagine that fragments of this meteorite had been then used and traded by 800 B.C. and even earlier in Central Europe. It’s potential that the fragments might have been traded over the identical routes used to export amber from the Baltic area.